SUPREME COURT OF INDIA:
Supreme Court is the Apex Court constituted on 26th January 1950 and is located on Tilak Marg Road, New Delhi. It is a constitutional court laid down in part V chapter 5 of Article 124 to 147 of the constitution of India. Its judges are appointed by the President of India and 31 other judges currently working in the Supreme Court of India. The retirement age of the judges of India is 65 years.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT SUPREME COURT OF INDIA:
- On 28 January 1950 Supreme Court succeeded in the Federal Court of India. It as established by the Government of India 1935 and the Privy Council. During the British era, the Privy Council was the highest judicial body in the country.
- On 29 October 1954, Dr. Rajendra Prasad the primary President of India established the framework stone of the Supreme Court building.
- It is built on 17 acres of triangular plot land in Hardinge Avenue just opposite to the Hardinge Bridge and designed in an Indo-British architectural style by the chief architect Ganesh Bhikaji Deolalikar, who was the first Indian to head CPWD.
- In its formative years, the apex court met from 10 am to 12 and then from 2 pm to 4 pm for 28 days in a year. But today, it meets for 190 days a year. The opening ceremony of the Supreme Court of India was sorted out in the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament premises. Do you realize that for a time of 12 years for example from 1937-1950 the Chamber of Princes was utilized as the bench of the Judicature of India and furthermore the Supreme Court up to when it acquired its current building in 1958.
- Interestingly, the structure of the Supreme Court (SC) is planned and molded so that it speaks to the scales of justice. Rajendra Prasad expressed that the two pans of the balances of justice must be held uniformly. It is the Central Wing of the SC fabricating that contains the Chief Justice’s Court and two huge courts on either side represent the central beam of the scales of justice.
- The Right and left wings of the structure speaks of the two scales. The Right-Wing comprises of the workplaces of the Attorney General of India and other law officials, the pub and the library though the Left Wing comprises of the office of the Court.
- The first woman judge of SC of India and furthermore in Asia was the Fatima Beevi who was appointed to Supreme Court in 1959.
- First woman Judge and the first woman SC Judge of India were from the literate state Kerala. The first was Ms. Anna Chandy who joined Law School in 1927 and joined Bar in 1929. She turned out to be first Grade Zila Munsif in 1937 and the principal District Judge in 1948. Additionally probably she was the second lady in the world to turn into a Kerala High Court Judge in 1959. Second one was Fatima Beevi.
- Artist Chintamani Kar had worked on a black bronze sculpture with a height of 120 cms, which was etched in the court’s lawn premises of SC a dark bronze figure was etched on 20 Feb 1980. This statute represents a woman providing house to her children, who is grasping an open book. The statue depicts Mother India as the woman, who is protecting the Young Indian Republic and the book portrays the laws of the land and the parity appeared on the book speaks of equal justice which is to be ensured to all.
- The design of the seal of Court is taken from the wheel which has 25 spokes, which can be seen on the Sarnath Lion Capital built by Ashoka.
- Supreme Court judge can be removed by President only on the basis of incapacity and misbehavior and the Parliament is provided with the duty of investigating into the matter. A resolution supported by 2/3rd of the members present and voting and majority of the total membership of the house is to be passed in parliament for the removal of judge.
These were some of the interesting facts about Supreme Court.