Ayodhya dispute is a political and socio-religious discussion in India, focused on a plot of land in the city of Ayodhya, situated in Ayodhya district, Uttar Pradesh. The issues rotate around access to a site generally respected among Hindus to be the origin of the Hindu deity Lord Rama, the history and location of the Babri Masjid at the site, and whether a past Hindu sanct2 uary was crushed or adjusted to make the mosque. The Babri Masjid was destroyed during a political rally which turned into a riot on 6 December 1992
AYODHYA TITLE DISPUTE:
- On December 1949, Idol of Ram and Sita Mata appeared miraculously inside the Babri Masjid.
- Hindus claimed after appearance of the idols of Sita Mata and Lord Ram that Ram has showed up in his birth land, therefore land belongs to Hindus.
- Since then total of five suits have been filed for gaining the ownership of land.
- First suit was filed on Jan 16, 1950, seeking for authorization to worship gods in the disputed structure, second suit recorded in Dec 1950 by Head of Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas, looking for consent to worship deities, first two suits clubbed together by Civil Judge in Faizabad.
- Third suit was filed in Dec 1959 by Nirmohi Akhara trying to assume responsibility for the ‘temple’ from a rival.
- Fourth suit was filed by Sunni Central Boards of Waqfs, UP, in Dec 1961 seeking removal of idols & possession of mosque.
- In April, 1964, each of the three suits recorded by Hindus and the one documented by the Waqf Board were consolidated.
- In 1989, retired High Court judge filed petition on behalf of Lord Ram claiming the ownership of the disputed land.
- In 1989 Allahabad HC decides that a unique three-judge seat will hear all of the five suits in the lower courts.
- HC directs all parties to maintain status quo at the site till matter is finished.
- On September 30, 2010 the three-judge special Lucknow bench of Allahabad High Court decided by majority vote that the contested land in Ayodhya be partitioned into three sections and be circulated among the Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and the gathering for ‘Lord Rama’. The High Court decided that the land on which the symbol of Lord Rama was introduced had a place with the Hindus and part of the land under the central part of Babri Masjid was the Ram Janamsthan which will go to the Hindus.
- The majority part judgment proved that the land where Lord Ram’s idol is placed is the place of birth of Lord Ram. Justice Khan and Justice Agarwal have informed that the land would be divided into three parts. The area where Lord Ram’s idol is set will be given to Hindus, the other 33% will be given to Muslims and the staying 33% of land will be given to Nirmohi Akhara.
BABRI LAND DISPUTE:
- Babri Masjid was built in 1528; Hindus claimed that land was built after demolishing the temple.
- British erect fences separating area of worship in 1859.
- In 1949, title suit was filed claiming the ownership of the land.
- In 1994, Supreme Court orders Status quo till the title suit is pending.
- Babri Masjid was razed by Kar Sevaks, 2000 people died in post demolition riots in December, 1992.
ATTEMPTS FOR AMICABLE SETTLEMENT:
- A meeting was held between Babri Masjid Action Committee & VHP in December 1990.
- Again in December 1990, Hindus & Muslims meet was held in presence of Mulayam Singh, Sharad Pawar & Bhairon Singh Shekhawat.
- In Jan 1991 a Second meeting was held between Babri Masjid Action Committee & VHP.
FINAL HEARING OF AYODHYA CASE:
- Shiv Sena, RSS, and VHP have demanded that the BJP government at the Centre pass a law to allow construction of the Ram Mandir at Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya.
- There was an expectation among saffron groups that the apex court would deliver an early verdict.
- Supreme Court, which took up the Ayodhya case, said that it would choose the schedule of the final hearings of the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid case and the composition of the three-judge bench only in January.
- Alok Kumar, international working president of the VHP said that – Supreme Court has once again adjourned the hearing of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi appeals. The adjournment has fortified our stand that the answer for the Ram Janmabhoomi issue isn’t waiting for the hearing of the appeals pending now for several years. A request has been sent to the Union government to now institute a law to make room for building a grand temple of Lord Rama at his birthplace in Ayodhya. This might be done in the coming winter session of Parliament.
- After hearing the judgment of the High Court of Allahabad on 30 September 2010, that the status quo should be maintained for three months. Responding to the decision, all the three parties reported that they would appeal against the division of disputed land in the Supreme Court of India. All the three parties, however, yielded that this judgment was a significant step towards the resolution of a long-standing dispute.
- A five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi will conduct the hearing. The top court had on July 18, asked the mediation panel to inform the court about the result regarding their proceedings as on July 31.
- RSS ideologue KN Govindacharya moved the Supreme Court on Monday, looking for live recording of the everyday hearing in the Ayodhya land dispute case, which is scheduled to start today. A seat containing Justices S A Bobde and B R Gavai stated, “We don’t know if we have equipment for live streaming or recording of proceedings.”
- The debate includes 2.77 acres of land in Ayodhya, where a sixteenth Century mosque – said to have been worked by Mughal head Babur – once stood. In December 1992, it was bulldozed by Hindu activists who believed that the mosque was based on the remains of a sanctuary that denoted the origin of Lord Ram. In the days that followed, 2,000 people died in riots across the country.
On 30 September 2010, the three-member bench comprising justices S. U. Khan, Sudhir Agarwal and D. V. Sharma, of the High Court of Allahabad decided that the disputed land shall be split into three parts. The site of the Lord Rama idol would go to the party representing Ram Lalla Virajman (the installed Infant Ram deity), Nirmohi Akhara to get Sita Rasoi and Ram Chabutara, and the Sunni Wakf Board to get the rest. The court also ruled that the status quo should be maintained for three months. Now in 2019, a five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi will conduct the hearing.