All about United Nations

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All about United Nations

  • What is the United Nations?

United Nations is an international organisation which was founded in the year 1945, with it’s headquarters being situated in New York. There are 193 member states at present.  The organisation functions on the principal of their Charter. The then President of the United States, Franklin D Roosevelt was the one who coined the term United Nations in the 1st of January, 1942. It officially came into existence on 24th October, 1945

  • The Main Bodies 

There are six (6) main bodies in the United Nations, which are as follows:

  1. General Assembly
  2. Security Council
  3. Economic and Security Council
  4. Trusteeship Council
  5. International Court of Justice
  6. Secretariat

  • The Key Documents

There are four (4) key documents, which are as follows:

  1. UN Charter
  2. Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  3. Convention on the Rights of the Child
  4. Statute of the International Court of Justice
  1. UN Charter: There were representatives from 50 countries who met in San Francisco, in 1945, at the United Nations Conference on International Organisation to draft the United Nations Charter. These representatives debated on the proposals which were made by the representatives of the United States, China, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in 1944.
  1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights: This declaration is regarded as a milestone in the field of Human Rights. This declaration was proclaimed on the 10th of December, 1948 in Paris by the United Nations General Assembly. This declaration lays down the Fundamental Human Rights which needs to be protected universally. There are 30 Articles in this Declaration. 
  2. Convention on the Rights of the Child: This treaty said that there is a difference between Adulthood and Childhood, and childhood lasts till the child is eighteen years of age. During this time the child must be given enough space to learn, play, develop, grow and flourish with dignity. This convention is regarded as the most ratified human rights treaty.

Statute of the International Court of Justice : this is an integral part of the UN Charter with all the 193 UN member states being the parties to this statute by virtue of their ratification of the Charter. There were 50  original signatories of the statute and was signed in San Francisco in the year 1945.

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